coachman


coachman

⇒COACHMAN, subst. masc.
A.— [P. réf. à l'Angleterre] Celui qui conduit un coach. Ernest descendit lentement de sa banquette, en vrai coachman (E.-R. DE BEAUVOIR, Hist. cavalières, II, 182, 1838 ds BONN. 1920).
B.— P. méton. Manteau porté par un coachman :
... Du temps que son coachman, pâle comme un navet, Se recourbait en plis tortueux, et n'avait Plus de collet d'aucune sorte...
BANVILLE, Odes funambulesques, 1859, p. 161.
Orth. :Écrit coachmann ds Lar. 19e. Au plur. des coachmen. Étymol. et Hist. 1. 1790 coach-man « cocher » (GRIMM, Correspondance littéraire, éd. 1813, t. 5, p. 395); 2. 1869 (Lar. 19e : Coachmann. Sorte de pardessus pour homme). Angl. coachman « cocher » (1579 ds NED), dér. de coach « coche ». Le sens 2, qui ne semble pas attesté en angl., est peut-être de formation française; il existe cependant un adj. angl. coachman qualifiant un vêtement féminin de coupe semblable à celle d'un manteau de cocher (Webster's). Bbg. BONN. 1920, p. 30. — QUEM. 2e s. t. 4, 1972.

Encyclopédie Universelle. 2012.

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